The greater part of the 20th century was about industrial and chemical innovations, and as a leader (?) in various fields, Monsanto was there.
Having spent the entire 20th century in pursuit of profit through science, here's a chronology of MONSANTO's pursuits over their first 100 years; from Saccharin to aspirin, from Agent Orange to Round Up.
1901--Founder John Francis Queeny names Monsanto Chemical Works after his wife, Olga Mendez Monsanto.
1902--The company manufactures its first product, Saccharin. The U.S. government later files suit over the safety of Saccharin, but loses.
1917--Monsanto starts producing aspirin.
1929--Monsanto acquires Rubber Services Laboratories
1935--Monsanto goes into the soap and detergents industry, starts producing phosphorus.
1938--The company goes into the plastic business.